Terpenes in CBD: Benefits and More
Alongside phytocannabinoids, terpenoids or ”terpenes” are another group of compounds that are naturally produced in a cannabis plant. Terpenes are responsible for the taste and aroma of hemp and many other plants. The way hemp terpenes work remains a mystery to many. To better understand terpenes, let’s explore the phenomena of full spectrum terpenes and the differences between and the benefits of CBD terpenes.
What are hemp terpenes?
There have been more than 100 different terpenes discovered so far, and it seems every strain has a different composition of them. Terpenes are produced inside structures called glandular trichomes, which also produce cannabinoids. These compounds come in the form of oil extracts via steam distillation and/or vaporization and give the pleasant aroma and add color to cannabis. The different terpene composition in each strain is what gives the unique flavor or aroma to the cannabis plant.
The concept of “Entourage Effect” was first used in a text published in 1998 by a group of scientists that included the “father of cannabis research,” Dr. Raphael Mechoulam. This idea has been mainly used to describe the interaction of cannabinoids with terpenes in cannabis research. The theory suggests that all the compounds in cannabis work together to produce better effects than when taken alone.
Terpenes in CBD Isolate vs. CBD Oil
Many don’t realize that CBD, THC and other cannabinoids alone have no smell. Pure CBD isolate products lack odor. It’s the terpenes in other CBD products with other cannabinoids that resonate specific aromas and flavors. The specific aroma comes from the terpene composition in the product.
While CBD isolate does not contain hemp terpenes, full spectrum CBD oil does. When the whole plant is used, other phytocannabinoids and terpenes are present in the CBD product, referring to the notion of full spectrum terpenes. Full spectrum products are hypothetically more beneficial than an isolate because the different constituents of the plant interact with each other and induce an entourage effect. Some manufacturers even add terpenes to improve the effects of CBD and THC products.
Benefits of Full Spectrum Terpenes
Understanding CBD and terpenes also requires knowing its benefits. The two main benefits of CBD terpenes include:
- Terpenes promote various health benefits through aromatherapy
- Work with other cannabinoids to increase the overall effects
To many, full spectrum products with terpenes possess more benefits than an isolate or distillate product. Many CBD oils have high levels of myrcene and linalool, which can aid in relaxation and sleep. CBD terpenes such as caryophyllene and limonene in oils supply energy and more concentration.
Common CBD Terpenes
Here are five CBD terpenes worth noting and adding to your daily routine.
- Myrcene: Probably the most common terpene in hemp along with linalool. Myrcene is herbal, earthy and rich. Aside from its analgesic properties, it can produce strong relaxing elements in the body that can make one drowsy.
- Linalool: Linalool has a floral aroma. It is usually added to topicals because of its floral scent. Linalool has been shown to aid in reducing anxiety and improving sleep.
- Limonene: Limonene is commonly found in citrus fruit peels such as lemon and other hemp extract products. It has a fresh citric aroma and flavor, which can significantly improve the efficacy of CBD oil. This terpene has been shown to improve anxiety, reduce inflammation and boost one’s mood.
- Pinene: Pinene is common in some citrus fruits, conifers, hemp strains and pine needles. Its aroma is very distinguishable. Similar to other terpenes, it has also been shown to aid in anti-inflammatory treatments.
- Caryophyllene: Caryophyllene is a prevalent terpene as it is usually food in hemp, black pepper, cinnamon and cloves. The aroma it provides is a spicy and woodsy one. A vital fact to note about this terpene is that it can interact with the endocannabinoid system similarly to cannabinoids. It also contains anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
Where to Buy High-Quality CBD Products
There are many places to buy CBD products, but only a few sell high-quality products. Go Green Botanicals is a health and wellness advocate for the community and its customers by providing natural remedies: the highest quality CBD products at the best price. We are a resource for information and education on CBD products and their benefits. Shop our full spectrum and broad spectrum products.